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Let’s Talk About Melasma – Causes and Treatments

Today’s “Let’s Talk About” comes from Tuel.  Originally written for their estheticians, this blog post has been edited for those of you at home.  If you are experiencing melasma and would like to work with us, book a New Client Facial.

Melasma, often referred to as the “mask of pregnancy,” is a common skin condition that can affect many women, often between the ages of 20-40. It will appear as brown or grayish patches on the face, particularly on the cheeks, forehead, and upper lip, and while it poses no health risks, melasma can significantly impact your self-esteem and confidence.

Melasma develops due to a combination of genetics, hormonal changes, and sun exposure. Hormonal fluctuations, such as those occurring during pregnancy, menopause, or while taking birth control, can trigger the overproduction of melanin, the pigment responsible for skin color. Exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation also stimulates melanocytes, which can make the skin condition worse. Other factors like thyroid disorders and certain medications may also contribute to its onset.

Treating melasma aims to reduce and manage the pigmentation on your skin. This may require a series of treatments ranging from peels to microdermabrasion and even laser therapy to exfoliate, promote cell turnover, and lighten hyperpigmented areas. When it comes to professional treatments, we recommend a glycolic treatment for the best results.

Professional Glycolic Treatment: This treatment is best when performed weekly for six weeks, three times a year. At Skin Care by Alison, we follow a protocol to gradually increase the glycolic in your treatment and monitor your skin throughout the treatment.

Because melasma can react negatively if treated with peels too aggressively, we will not use other peel treatments, such as Salicylic or Lactic Peels, until we’ve achieved the desired results from the Glycolic treatment.

At Skin Care by Alison, we don’t begin a peel series until you’ve had a non-peel facial. Why? To protect you best it is important that we know your skin, your response to treatments, and overall tolerance.

We always follow up any peel treatment with at-home post-treatment care and an overall daily skincare routine that suits your skin type. Sunscreen with an SPF 30 or higher, even on cloudy days, is a must to protect your skin from UV damage. Skincare products that contain brightening ingredients like vitamin C and niacinamide are incorporated into your routine to also help fade existing pigmentation and prevent it from returning.

Overall, treating Melasma is a journey, and we’ll gradually improve your skin together.

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